Title: Prevention of Transmission of Zika Virus at Point of Entries - Experience from International Airport, Mumbai

Author(s) - Dan Amitabha1, Pasi A. R.*2, Khandare K. P.2, Mohd. Jalaluddeen2, Sujeet Kumar Singh3


Abstract:

Introduction: Zika virus is a mosquito borne flavivirus. It is transmitted by the bite of the Aedes Aegypti mosquito. In July 2015 Brazil reported an association between Zika virus infection and Gullain-Barre syndrome. In October 2015 Brazil reported an association between Zika virus infection and microcephaly. Considering the gravity of the situation, WHO has declared Zika virus disease to be a Public Health Emergency of International concern (PHEIC) on 1st February 2016.

Objective: To analyse/look through how well the PHEIC situation was managed at Mumbai Airport and problem faced if any.

Methods: Data available at APHO Mumbai from 1.2.2016 to 30.10.2016 was analysed. Information was collected by interviewing representatives of APHO, FRRO, CISF, Airport Manager and Airline Operators. 

Results: During the study period a total of 2833244 international passengers arrived at C S I Airport. Out of 2833244 international passengers 31369 (1.1%) were from Zika affected countries.  There was good Intersectoral coordination between Airport Authority, Local government, Nodal officer of Point of Entry and other stakeholders.

Conclusion: APHO, Mumbai has shown the capacity to detect, assess, report and respond to Zika PHEIC as per IHR 2005.

Keywords: PHEIC, Zika Virus, POEs, APHO Mumbai, C S I Airport.