Title: A Study of the Relationships between Nursing Students’ Meanings of Life, Positive Beliefs, and Well-Being

Author(s) -Fu-Ju Tsai, Cheng-Yu Chen, Gwo-Liang Yeh, Yih-Jin Hu, Chie-Chien Tseng, Si-Chi Chen

 DOI: - 10.23958/ijirms/vol03-i01/02


Abstract:

Background: Nursing educators should train nursing students to pursue physical, psychological, spiritual, and social health promotion. The purpose of this study was to explore relationships between nursing students’ meaning of life, positive beliefs, and well-being. Methods: A cross-sectional correlational study with a quantitative approach was adopted. Purposive sampling was used. A total of 170 nursing students voluntarily participated in this study. A 56-item questionnaire was used to examine nursing students’ meaning of life (1-25 items), positive beliefs (1-11 items), and well-being (1-20 items). The content validity index (CVI) of the study questionnaire was established as 0.95 by seven expert scholars. The reliability values for the three parts of the measure were as follows: meaning of life, Cronbach’s α 0.96; positive beliefs, Cronbach’s α 0.93; and well-being, Cronbach’s α 0.95. Percentages, frequencies, means, SDs, Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance by rank, Spearman’s rank correlation, one-way analysis of variance, Spearman’s rho correlation, and regression analysis were used for the data analysis. Results: Nursing students had the following mean scores: meaning of life with 4.02 (SD 0.56); positive beliefs with 3.92 (SD 0.62); and well-being with 3.95 (SD 0.57). The results indicate that for all nursing students, meaning of life was positively correlated with positive beliefs, r=0.83 (P<.01); similarly, all nursing students had positive beliefs that were positively correlated with meaning of life, r=0.83 (P<.01). In the results of the study, the nursing students’ background, meaning of life and positive beliefs explained 63% of the variance in well-being (Adjusted R2 squared =0.63, F=33.41, P<.001). Conclusions: Nursing students’ sense of meaning of life and positive beliefs may impact their well-being. Therefore, nursing educators can promote meaning of life and positive beliefs to nursing students as a way to increase their well-being for physical, psychological, spiritual, and social health promotion.

Keywords: Meaning of life, positive beliefs, well-being, nursing students, nursing education


How to Cite this Article?

"Fu-Ju Tsai, Cheng-Yu Chen, Gwo-Liang Yeh, Yih-Jin Hu, Chie-Chien Tseng, Si-Chi Chen" ‘A Study of the Relationships between Nursing Students’ Meanings of Life, Positive Beliefs, and Well-Being" International Journal of Innovative Research in Medical Science(IJIRMS), http://ijirms.in/index.php, Volume 03 Issue 01, January 2018, p. No. 1600-1607